Grid Acronym Soup (GAS)

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A
AAI Authentication and Authorization Infrastructure
AII Automated Installation Infrastructure
Abilene Advanced Backbone Network in USA (not to be confused with towns in Kansas or Texas)
ACID Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability (RDBMS)
ACL Access Control List
ADD Architecture Design Document
AFS Andrew File System
AG Access Grid
AKT Advanced Knowledge Technologies
ALICE A Large Ion Collider Experiment (LHC experiment)
AliEn ALICE Environment (Grid framework in gLight)
AMI Atlas Metadata Interface
AMS Advanced Multi-threaded Server (Objectivity)
AOD Analysis Object Data (LCG)
APART Automatic Performance Analysis: Resources and Tools
APEL Accounting Processor for Event Logs
APGrid Asia Pacific Grid
API Application Programming Interface
APROC Asia Pacific Regional Operation Centre
APT Advanced Package Tool (linux)
ARC Advanced Resource Connecter (Nordugrid)
ARDA A Realisation of Distributed Analysis for LHC
ASN.1 Abstract Syntax Notation One, in ITU-T X.680 (X.500, LDAP)
ASP Application Service Provider
ASTA Advanced Support for TeraGrid Applications
ATF Architecture Task Force (EU Data Grid)
ATLAS A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS (LHC experiment)
AVO Astrophysical Virtual Observatory
B
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B2B Business to Business
BAR Bandwidth Allocation and Reservation (EGEE)
BDII Berkeley Database Information Index
BER Basic Encoding Rules, in ASN.1 (X.500, LDAP)
BIRN Biomedical Informatics Research Network
BOINC Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing
C
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CA Certificate Authority
CACR Center for Advanced Computing Research
CAOPS Certification Authorities OPerationS (GGF)
CCA Common Component Architecture (US DOE)
CDB Configuration DataBase
CDDLM Configuration Description, Deployment, and Lifecycle Management
CE Computing Element: a Grid-enabled computing resource
CERN European Organisation for Nuclear Research
CERT Computer Emergency Response Team [Now called CSIRT]
CERT/CC CERT Coordination Center
CIC Core Infrastructure Center
CLI Command Line Interface
CMS Compact Muon Solenoid (LHC experiment)
CMT Configuration Management Tool
CoAKTinG Collaborative Advanced Knowledge Technologies in the Grid
CoG Commodity Grid toolkit
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CORDIS Community Research & Development Information Service
CP Certificate Policy
CPS Certificate Practices Statement
CRL Certificate Revocation List
CrossGrid European Commission Grid R&D program
CRRB Computing Resources Review Board (LCG)
CS Computer Science
CSAR Computer Services for Academic Research (UK)
CSF Central Simulation Facility
CSIRT Computer Security Incident Response Team
CVE Collaborative Virtual Environment
CVS Concurrent Versions System
D
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DAG Directed Acyclic Graph
DAI Data Access and Integration (OGSA)
DAMIEN Distributed Application and Middleware for Industrial use of European Networks
DANTE Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe, Ltd.
DataGRID EU scientific Grid project
DataTAG TransAtlantic Grid R&D project
dCache (disk pool management system)
DCC Digital Curation Centre
DEISA Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications
DER Distinguished Encoding Rules, in ITU-T X.690
DFN Deutsches ForschungsNetz
DFS Distributed File System
DGAS Distributed Grid Accounting System
DGRA Data Grid Reference Architecture (Foster, Kesselman, Tueke)
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DIANE DIstributed ANalysis Environment
DIB Directory Information Base (X.500, LDAP)
DIT Directory Information Tree (X.500, LDAP)
DN Distinguished Name (X.500, LDAP)
String Attribute Type
CN Common Name
L Locality
ST State or province
O Organization
OU Organization Unit
C Country
STREET Street
DC Domain Component
UID User ID
DNS Domain Name Service
DPM Disk Pool Manager
DPSS Distributed Parallel Storage System
DQP Distributed Query Processor (OGSA)
DRO Data Replication Option (Objectivity)
DRS Data Replication Service (Globus)
DSA Directory Server (X.500, LDAP)
DSE DSA-Specific Entry (X.500, LDAP)
DTD Document Type Definition (XML)
DTF Distributed Terascale Facility (NSF)
E
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EDG EU DataGrid
EGA Enterprise Grid Alliance
EGEE Enabling Grids for E-sciencE
EGrid European Grid Forum (now part of GGF)
EGSO European Grid of Solar Observations
ELFMS Extremely Large Fabric management system
EMS Execution Management Service
ENACTS European Network for Advanced Computing Technology for Science
EPCC Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre
EPR End Point Reference (Globus Toolkit)
ERPANET Electronic Resource Preservation and Access Network
ESD Event Summary Data (LCG)
ESG Earth Systems Grid
ESLEA Exploitation of Switched Lightpaths for e-Science Applications
ESNW E-Science North West
ETF Engineering Task Force (UK)
F
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FBS Farm Batch System (FNAL)
FiReMan FIle and REplica MANager
FIRST Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTS File Transfer Service (EGEE)
FTREE Flexible TREE structured backend to LDAP
FZK Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (EGEE)
G
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GAA Generic Authorization and Access
GACL Grid ACL
GAMI Grid Application Monitoring Infrastructure
GANGA Gaudi / Athena and Grid Alliance
GARR Gruppo per l'Armonizzazione delle Reti della Ricerca
GASS Globus Access to Secondary Storage
GAUDI (LHCb Data Processing Applications Framework)
GCAS Globus Community Authorization Service
GDA Grid Deployment Area (LCG)
GDB Grid Deployment Board (LCG)
GDMP Grid Data Management Pilot. Also Grid Data Mirroring Package
GDP Globus Documentation Project
GÉANT Pan-European Gigabit Research and Education Network
Geant4 A toolkit for simulation of the passage of particles through matter['Géant' = French 'Giant']
GEM Globus Executable Management
GEODE Grid Enabled Occupational Data Environment
GFD Grid Final Document (GGF)
GFSG Grid Forum Steering Group
GGF Global Grid Forum
GGUS Global Grid User Support
GIGGLE GIGascale Global Location Engine (EDG WP2)
GIIS Grid Information Index Server
GIS Grid Information Service
gLite (Lightweight middleware for Grid computing)
Globus The Globus project: Grid R&D
GLUE Grid Laboratory Uniform Environment
GMA Grid Monitoring Architecture (GGF)
GNT Grid Network Team (UK e-Science)
GOC Grid Operation Centre (UK)
GOG Global Operational Grid
GOS Grid Object Specification (GGF)
GOSC Grid Operations Support Centre
GPFS-WAN Global Parallel File System-Wide Area Network (TeraGrid)
GPL General Public Licence (GNU)
GPT Grid Packaging Technology (Globus)
GRAAP Grid Resource Allocation and Agreement Protocol (GGF)
GRAM Grid Resource Access and Management protocol (Globus)
GRAPNEL GRAphical Process Net Language
GRED GRapnel EDitor
GrEnaDE Grid Enabled Desktop Environment
GRIA Grid Resources for Industrial Applications
GridICE (Monitoring Service for Grid systems)
GridKa Grid Computing Centre Karlsruhe
GRIDLAB EC simulation and visualisation Grid R&D
GridPP Grid for UK Particle Physics
GRIDS Grid Research Integration Deployment and Support
GridStart Cluster of European Grid projects
GRIP Grid Resource Information Protocol (Globus)
GRIP GRid Interoperability Project
GriPhyN Grid Physics Network
GRIS Grid Resource Information Server (Globus)
GRM GRid application Monitor (WP3, P-GRADE)
GRNET Greek Research and Technology Network
GRRP Grid Resource Registration Protocol (Globus)
GRS General Resource Selector (Globus query tool, uses GRUB)
GRSE Grid Resource Scheduling Environment (EU Datagrid)
GRUB (Globus API - to be replaced by DUROC)
GS Grid Scheduler, selects resources for a job
GSC UK Grid Support Centre
GSH Grid Service Handle (OGSA)
GSI Grid Security Infrastructure
GSIFTP Grid Security Infrastructure File Transfer Protocol
GSM Grid Storage Management
GSP Grid Security Protocol (Globus)
GSR Grid Service Reference (OGSA)
GSS Generic Security Services (Globus)
GStat Grid Statistics
GT Globus Toolkit
GTTF Grid Tools Task Force (ATLAS experiment)
GUID Global Unique IDentifier
GWD Grid Working Draft
H
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HBM HeartBeat Monitor (Globus, does not use MDS)
HDF5 Hierarchical Data Format 5
HECToR High End Computing Terascale Resource
HELLASGRID Greek National Grid
HENPIG High Energy and Nuclear Physics InterGrid [Honest!]
HICB HENP InterGrid Coordination Board
HIJTB HENP InterGrid Joint Technical Board
HLR Home Location Registers (DGAS)
HMS Hardware Management System
HPC High Performance Computing
HPC4U Highly Predictable Cluster for Internet Grids
HPCx High Performance Computing x
HPDC High Performance Distributed Computing
HPSS High Performance Storage System
HSM Hierarchical Storage Manager (?)
HTC High Throughput Computing
HTML HyperText Markup Language
HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol
HTTPS HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure sockets
HunGrid Hungarian Grid
I
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ICEAGE International Collaboration to Extend and Advance Grid Education
IDE Integrated Drive Electronics
IDE Integrated Development Environment
IDL Interface Description Language
IdP Identity Provider
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
IGTF International Grid Trust Federation
IMS Information and Monitoring System, for data about the Grid
IN2P3 Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules
INFN Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (in Italy)
IPG Information Power Grid (NASA)
IRC Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration
IST Information Society Technologies
ITU-T International Telecommunication Union - Telecom standardization
IVDGL International Virtual Data Grid Laboratory
J
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J2EE Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition
JANET UK Joint Academic NETwork
JCL Job Control Language
JCSR JISC Committee for the Support of Research
JDBC Java DataBase Connectivity (RDBMS)
JDL Job Description Language
JISC Joint Information Systems Committee
JMS Java Messaging Service
JRA Joint Research Area (?) (try EGEE)
JSDL Job Submission Description Language (GGF)
JSPG Joint Security Policy Group (LCG)
JSS Job Submission Service
K
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KCA Kerberized Certificate Authority
KX.509 Kerberos X.509
L
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LAN Local Area Network
LB Logging and Bookeeping service
LCFG Large Scale Linux Configuration
LCG LHC Computing Grid
LCGP LHC Computing Grid Project
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LDBM (LDAP database backend)
LDIF LDAP Data Interchange Format
LEAD Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery
LEAF LHC-Era Automated Fabric
LEMON LHC Era Monitoring
LFC LCG File Catalog
LFN Logical File Name, mapped by RC onto >= one PFN.
LHC Large Hadron Collider
LHCb Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHC experiment)
LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory
LRC Local Replica Catalog (EDG WP2)
LRMS Local Resource Management System
LSF Load Sharing Facility
M
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MAP Monte Carlo Array Processor
MCS Metadata Catalog Service
MD5 Message Digest 5
MDS Meta Directory Service, or Monitoring and Discovery Service (Globus)
MIAS Medical Image and Signal
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MML Mathematical Markup Language (XML)
MONARC Models Of Networked Analysis at Regional Centres (LCG)
MPI Message Passing Interface (Globus)
MPICH-G2 (Grid enabled Message Passing Interface)
MS Metadata Service
N
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NA Networking Activity (try EGEE)
NAS NASA Advanced Supercomputing division
NCM Node Configuration Manager
NCSA National Center for Supercomputing Applicatons (USA)
NEES Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
NeSC National e-Science Centre (UK)
NGG Next Generation Grid
NGI Next Generation Internet (many national initiatives)
NGOC National Grid Operations Centre (Singapore)
NGPP National Grid Pilot Platform (Singapore)
NGS National Grid Service (UK)
NIC Network Interface Card
NIS Network Information Service
NISCC National Infrastructure Security Co-ordination Centre (UK)
NMI NSF Middleware Initiative
Nordugrid Nordic Grid
NPACI National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (USA)
NPM Network Performance Monitoring (EGEE)
NREN National Research and Education Network (USA). Also NASA Research and Education Network
NSF National Science Foundation (USA)
NTP Network Time Protocol
NVO National Virtual Observatory (USA)
O
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OASIS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
OCSP Online Certificate Status Protocol (X.509)
OGCE Open Grid Collaboration Environment
OGSA Open Grid Services Architecture
OGSADF Open Grid Services Architecture Development Framework
OGSI Open Grid Services Infrastructure
OID Object IDentifier
OMC Operations Management Centre
OMII Open Middleware Infrastructure Institute
OPN Optical Private Network (LCG)
OPTORSIM Replica OPTimiser Simulation (EU DataGrid)
OSG Open Science Grid
OWL Web Ontology Language
P
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PACMAN PACkage MANager (iVDGL)
PAM Pluggable Authentication Module
PBS Portable Batch System
PDU Protocol Data Unit (X.500, LDAP)
PEB Project Execution Board (LCG)
PFN Physical File Name
P-GRADE Parallel Grid Run-time and Application Development Environment
PhEDEx Physics Experiment Data Export (CMS)
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
PM9 Project Month 9 [ = September 2001] (EU Data Grid)
PMA Policy Management Authority
PMB Project Management Board
POB Project Overview Board (LCG)
POL-34 Polish NREN
PoP Point of Presence
PPDG Particle Physics Data Grid
PROVE (P-GRADE performance visualisation tool)
PSC Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
PSE Problem Solving Environment: Workload management systems + collaboration frameworks
PTB Project Technical Board (EU Data Grid)
PVDG Petascale Virtual Data Grid
PVM Parallel Virtual Machine
Q
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QCDGrid QCD Grid
QCDOC QCD On a Chip
QoS Quality of Service
Quattor (system administration toolsuite)
QWG Quattor Working Group
R
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RA Registration Authority
RAID Redundant Arrays of Independent Disks
RB Request (or Resource) Broker
RC Replica Catalog, maps a LFN to >=1 PFNs
RC Resource Centre
RDBMS Relation Database Management System
RDF Resource Description Framework (Semantic Web)
RDIG Russian Data Intensive Grid
RDN Relative Distinghished Name (X.500, LDAP)
RENATER Réseau National de Télécommunications pour la Technologie, l'Enseignement et la Recherche
RFIO Remote File I/O
RFT Reliable Transfer Service (Globus)
RG Research Group (try GGF)
R-GMA Relational Grid Monitoring Architecture (EGEE)
RLI Replica Location Index
RLS Replica Location Service
RM Replica Manager
RMS Resource Management System (local to a CE)
RNO Regional Network Operator
ROC Regional Operations Centre
RPC Remote Procedure Call
RPM Red Hat Package Manager (Linux)
RSL Resource Specification Language (Globus)
RSS Resource Selection Service
RTAG Requirements Technical Assessment Group (LCG)
RTML Robot Telescope Markup Language
S
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SA Support Activity (try EGEE)
SAM Sequential data Access via Meta-data (D0 experiment)
SAML Security Assertion Markup Language (Draft)
SAN Storage Area Network
SASL Simple Authentication and Security Layer
SC Service Challenge (LCG)
SC2 Software and Computing Committee (LCG)
SciDAC Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing
SCRAM Software Configuration, Release And Management
SCSI Small Computer System Interface
SDK Software Development Kit
SDSC The San Diego Supercomputer Center
SE Storage Element
SEE-GRID South-East European Grid
SEQUIN SErvice QUality across Independently managed Networks
SFT Site Functional Tests
SGTW Science Grid This Week
SGM Software Group Manager
SLA Service Level Agreement
SLAPD Stand-alone LDAP Daemon
SLP Service Location Protocol
SMP Symmetric Multi-Processing
SMS State Management System
SNAP Service Negotiation and Acquisition Protocol
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOA Service Oriented Architecture
SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol
SoD Support on Duty
SP Service Provider
SPMA Software Package Management Agent
SQL Structured Query Language (RDBMS)
SRB Storage Resource Broker
SRM Storage Resource Management
SRP Secure Remote Passsword protocol
SSL Secure Sockets Layer
SSP Storage Service Provider
STREP Specific Targeted Research Project
SURL Storage Unique Resource Locator
SWITCH Swiss Academic and Research Network
SWRep Software Repositories
T
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TACAR TERENA Academic CA Repository
TACC Texas Advanced Computing Center
TAG TransAtlantic Grid
TB1 Test Bed 1
TDR Technical Design Report (LCG)
TeraGrid US multi Teraflop Grid
TERENA Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association
TFN Transport File Name: URL to a file on a SE
TLS Transport Layer Security
TMDB Transfer management database (CMS PhEDEx)
TPM Ticket Process Manager
TURL Transport URL
U
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UCAID University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development
UC/ANL University of Chicago/Argonne National Laboratory
UCS Universal Character Set
UDDI Universal Description, Discovery and Integration
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UI User Interface
UKERNA United Kingdom Education & Research Networking Association
UKHEC UK High End Computing
ULM Universal Logger Message
UML Unified Modelling Language
UR Usage Record (GGF Draft)
URD User Requirements Document
URI Universal Resource Identifier (X.500, LDAP)
URI Uniform Resource Identifier (WWW)
URL Universal Resource Locator
UTF-8 UCS Transformation Formats 8 (X.500, LDAP)
V
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VDT Virtual Data Toolkit
VLDB Very Large Data Bases
VO Virtual Organization, e.g., an experiment
VOBOX VO box
VOCE Virtual Organization Central Europe (EGEE)
VOMS VO Management Service
vBNS very high performance Backbone Network Service (USA)
VDL Virtual Data Language (GryPhyN)
VDS Virtual Data System (GryPhyN)
VDT Virtual Data Toolkit (GryPhyN)
VPN Virtual Private Network
W
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WAN Wide Area Network
WG Working Group (try GGF)
WMS Workload Management System (WP1)
WN Worker Node
WP Work Package (e.g. for EU Data Grid)
WS Web Service
WS Working Storage
WSDL Web Services Description Language
WSDM Web Services Distributed Management
WSFL Web Services Flow Language (IBM)
WS GRAM Web Service Grid Resource Access and Management protocol (Globus)
WSIF Web Service Invocation Framework
WSIL Web Services Inspection Language
WSRF Web Services Resource Framework
X
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XACL (Same as XACML)
XACML eXtensible Access Control Markup Language
XLL Extensible Linking Language (XML)
XML Extensible Markup Language
XSL Extensible Style Language (XML)
XSLT XSL Transformations
Y
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YAIM Yet Another Installation Manager(?) (LCG)
Z
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Other Grid Related Sources:

General Sources:

Maintained by Joe Foster, Manchester University.


Last modified Thu 19 January 2006
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